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Articles from Hassan Zaoual Published on Cairn International. Journal articles. couverture de [NUMERO_TITRE_ABREGE] · Development, Organizations, and. View the profiles of people named Hassan Zaoual. Join Facebook to connect with Hassan Zaoual and others you may know. Facebook gives people the power . Regular visitors to the Fez Festival of World Sacred Music will be saddened to hear of the death of Hassan Zaoual. Hassan had been a guest at.

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Opinions diverge on these points.

Taking a collective initiative, working together constitutes an economic factor by itself. Are you an author?

Télécharger livres par Hassan Zaoual

On the one hand, the socio-cultural inherited from tradition yet transformed by contemporary pressures and, on the other, economic, financial and technical influences brought about by the penetration of market forces.

Effectively, one observes the formalisation of the formal. In the African mentality, the economic sector is not divorced from the affairs of daily life, in particular social bonds. They appear to be the embryo of a sector different from the private or public statist sector, namely, a sector of labor and solidarity. The enterprise cannot be reduced to a technical system.

Amazon Renewed Refurbished products with a warranty. Formal enterprises often rest like a strange body, a western packet dropped in another “symbolic site”. They are not an object to be modernized. Such package is then rejected either by inertia and non-participation, either by perversion of its meaning H.


The key term in Africa today is hybridity! Low to High Price: Indeed, social cohesion and solidarity seem zaoua be the key factor in the stability and the economic efficiency of this type of business enterprise, the poor being the majority of participants. We are perhaps facing a new but lasting logic of production.

Amazon Second Chance Pass it on, trade it in, give it a second life. Amazon Advertising Find, attract, and engage customers. Some authors observe in between a lost tradition and an inaccessible modernity, the emergence of an authentic post-modern culture wherein the African would be ingenious without being an engineer, industrious without being an industrialise, or enterprising without being an entrepreneur.

Shopbop Designer Fashion Brands. This economy is analyzed as being competitive and dynamic in terms of quality, prices, as much as on the employment haszan I.

The Economy and the Symbolic Sites of Africa – Hassan Zaoual – Google Books

Popular economy, some observers claim, develops a culture of autonomy and independent labor. High to Low Avg.

Hence one can assert that the proverbial saying of “not mixing business with feelings” is clearly not of African origin P. In the classical enterprise the aim is to accumulate capital. The qualifications of “informal” and “non-structural” apply to activities and enterprises displaying elements of formalization and structure, organization and hierarchy.

The “purely” economic aims are mixed up inside other motivations, particularly that of the group. Indeed, what differentiates the economic factor in Africa from conventional Western conceptualization is that it is not considered an objective element.

Africa is compelled to rationalise in zoaual Weberian sense the economic activities and commercial enterprises, to embrace efficiency, calculability, the objective norms.


It is the contribution of the voiceless to the search of another social formation society. The term “sector” implies the presence of a specific entity, stable and homogenous, that is not found as such in reality. These economic organisations respond to a multiplicity of objectives which are at the same time economic, social and cultural.

Hassan Zaoual (Author of Développement humain et dynamiques territoriales )

Entrepreneurship and hassam Sector”.: There’s a problem loading this menu right now. The West elevated the economic sector into an autonomous sphere beginning in the eighteenth century.

Africa, however, approaches neither money nor profit, nor market nor management in a strict mechanical fashion, which would be operating according to objective calculation and obeying the alleged universal rationality of homo-economicus. As opposed to formal local capitalism which remains fragile, and contrary to a stale which is domineering and exploitative, popular economy may be the breeding ground of a new African culture consisting of cultural cross-fertilization.

In Japan, on the contrary, managers, some educated in the West, have openly reconciled foreign influences and the Japanese principles of verticality hierarchyof affective dependence, of fused membership inherited from their zaoial E.