Euclea natalensis is a very variable, evergreen plant, ranging from a small shrub up to a moderately large tree with a spreading crown and a bole 20cm or more. Euclea natalensis is a hardy, evergreen, very attractive shrub or small to medium sized tree (depending on where in grow. The custom of cleaning teeth and the gums with a chewed root of the tree Euclea natalensis, in the belief that it benefits oral health, is practised in South Africa.
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The male flowers contain usually 16 stamens and a minute rudimentary ovary with 2 styles.
It is also used for protective sprinkling charms. Trees of Southern Africa. MedicinalGarden Uses: Associated with Termite MoundsHabitat: Natal guarri, Natal ebony, large-leaved guarri Eng.
Twigs are used as toothbrushes. Euclea natalensis is a hardy, evergreen, very attractive shrub or small to medium sized tree depending on where in grows. They are edible and attract birds. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria. What eucllea is in the image? Login to add your Comment Not registered yet?
Propagate by cuttings in spring or summer while the tree is actively growing. Branchlets are covered in fine rusty hairs, becoming smooth with age. This species is wind tolerant, and drought tolerant when established. The leaves are hard and leathery, dark green and shiny above and paler underneath. The species name natalensis means from Natal, duclea KwaZulu-Natal.
Water generously during its first years to allow it to establish itself. Clean off the fleshy layer, sow in spring or summer in a well-drained seedling mix. Natal Flora Publications Trust, Durban. The complete field guide to trees of Natal, Zululand and Transkei.
The veins are prominent, particularly on the upper surface. Origins and meanings of names of South African plant genera. The trunk is usually straight. The trees flower in winter-spring June-October and fruit during summer August-Marchripening in autumn.
It is suited to many different types of gardens, including windy coastal gardens, well-watered subtropical gardens as well as bushveld and woodland gardens. It has many traditional, medicinal and magical uses. Euclea natalensis is divided into six subspecies: Coastal ScrubHabitat: The margins are thickened and often wavy.
They are smooth or bristly, yellow, orange, red and black, in dense, conspicuous clusters. The flowers are worked by bees. It is a little slow growing and should be planted in sun or semi-shade.
Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Euclea natalensis subsp. acutifolia
Common names of South African plants. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.
Euclea is a small African genus of about 20 species, with 16 species in southern Africa. Euclea natalensis is a shrub or small bushy tree, m tall, with a dense, spreading crown, or under warm and well-watered conditions, a medium-sized tree m tall with spreading branches. The fruits are rounded, fleshy berries, mm in diameter, borne on hairy stalks. The leaves are variable in size, shape and hairiness, most often oval to oblong with pointed, bluntly pointed or rounded tips.
The fruits are edible, and are eaten by birds, monkeys and people. In arid scrub it is stunted, often less than a metre tall, while in forest or under favourable conditions it can form a handsome tree m tall with spreading branches. University of Cape Town, Cape Town.
Slow GrowingEvergreen or Deciduous: The genus name Euclea means of good report, or famous, from the Greek eucleia, glory which is derived from eu- good, and kleos report, perhaps referring to the good quality ebony-type wood of some species.
Subscribe Subscribe To Our Newsletter. Seed plants of southern Africa: The genus belongs in the Ebenaceae, the Ebony Family, which contains only two genera; Diospyros and Euclea. It has a dark, spreading crown of shiny, hard and leathery leaves. Click here to register.
Toothbrushing with the root of Euclea natalensis.
Place in natalesnis warm position out of direct sun and keep moist. Diospyros is a large genus of about species that occur throughout the tropics and subtropics of both hemispheres, with about 94 species in Africa, and about 20 in southern Africa.
The female flowers have no staminodes. Google QR Code Generator. Protect from frost when young. With its dense crown it makes a good screening plant and can be planted singly as a beautiful specimen tree.