LABOREM EXERCENSE(On Human Work)RS HISTORICAL CONTEXTIn his first encyclical addressing social issues LaboremExercens (On Human Work) Pope John Paul II . Enciclica Laborem exercens. Main Author: Chiappetta, Luigi. Related Names: John Paul II Pope Language(s): Italian. Published: Napoli: Edizioni dehoniane, c Subjects. Sobre el trabajo humano (Laborem exercens) / Juan Pablo II ; autor, Equipo DEI “Texto completo de la enciclica ; un comentario desde América Latina.”.
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At the present stage of technological advance, when man, who is the subjectof work, wishes to make use of this collection of modern instruments, the means of production, he must first assimilate cognitively the result of the work of the people who invented those instruments, who planned them, built them and exercenz them, and who continue to do so. Women with children have a right either to stay home, or to work outside the home with accommodation for their family responsibility.
When we have to consider the moral rights, corresponding to this obligation, of every person with regard to work, we must always keep before our eyes the whole vast range of points of reference in which the labour of every working subject is manifested. But even in the economically developed encicliac, where scientific research, technological achievements and State policy have brought agriculture to a very advanced level, the right to work can be infringed when the farm workers are denied the possibility of sharing in decisions concerning their services, or when they are denied the right dxercens free association with a view to their just advancement socially, culturally and economically.
Work understood as a “transitive” activity, that is to say an activity beginning in the human subject and directed towards an external object, presupposes a specific endiclica by man over “the earth”, and in its turn it confirms and develops this dominion. They must exwrcens themselves be guided by an exact diagnosis of the complex situations and of the influence exercised by natural, historical, civil and other such circumstances. But in the light of the analysis of the fundamental reality of the whole economic process-first and foremost of the production structure that work is-it should be recognized that the error of early capitalism can be repeated wherever man is in a way treated on the same level as the whole complex of the material means of production, as an instrument and not in accordance with the true dignity of his work-that is to say, where he is not treated as subject and maker, and for this very reason as the true purpose of the whole process of production.
It is not the only means of checking, but it is a particularly important one and, in a sense, the key means. Through appropriate associations, they exercise influence over conditions of work and pay, and also over social legislation. Relating herself to man, she seeks to express the eternal designs and transcendent destiny which the living God, the Creator and Redeemer, has linked with him.
Both the original industrialization that gave rise to what is called the worker question and the subsequent industrial and post-industrial changes show in an eloquent manner that, even in the age of ever more mechanized “work”, the proper subject of work continues to be man.
Catalog Record: Sobre el trabajo humano (Laborem exercens) | Hathi Trust Digital Library
They are indeed a mouthpiece for the struggle for social justice, for the just rights of working people in accordance with their individual professions. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Work is one of the characteristics that distinguish man from the rest of creatures, whose activity for sustaining their lives cannot be called work.
It would be radically unworthy of man, and a denial of our common humanity, to admit to the life of the community, and thus admit to work, only those who are fully functional.
Whether the work is done in a system of private ownership of the means of production or in a system where ownership has undergone a certain “socialization”, the relationship between the employer first and foremost the direct employer and the worker is resolved on the basis of the wage, that is through just remuneration for work done. All that has been said above on the subject of the indirect employer is aimed at defining these relationships more exactly, by showing the many forms of conditioning within which laboerm relationships are indirectly formed.
In Latin In English. Man must work, both because the Creator has commanded it and because of his own humanity, which requires work in order to be maintained and developed. The progress in question must be made through man and for man and it must produce its fruit in man. Historically speaking, this, taken as a whole, has caused great changes in civilization, from the beginning of the “industrial era” to the successive phases of development through new technologies, such as the electronics and the microprocessor technology in recent years.
In a sense, unions go back to the mediaeval lzborem of artisans, insofar as those organizations brought together people belonging to the same craft and thus on the basis of their work. In this direction it is possible to actuate a plan for universal and proportionate progress by all, in accordance with the guidelines of Paul VI’s Encyclical Populorum Progressio. In the subjective dimension there is realized, first of all, that “dominion” over the world of nature to which man is called from exercenz beginning according to the words of the Book of Genesis.
Movements of solidarity in the sphere of work-a solidarity that must never mean being closed to dialogue snciclica collaboration with others- can be necessary also with reference to the condition of social groups that were not previously included in such movements but which, in changing social systems and conditions of living, are undergoing what is in effect “proletarianization” or which actually already find themselves in a “proletariat” situation, one which, even if not yet given that name, in fact deserves it.
Obviously we are dealing here with different kinds of work, not only so-called manual labour but also the many forms of intellectual work, including white-collar work and management.
As we view the whole human family throughout the world, we cannot fail to be struck by a disconcerting fact of immense proportions: They too are fully human subjects with corresponding innate, sacred and inviolable rights, and, in spite of the limitations and sufferings affecting their bodies and faculties, they point up more clearly the dignity and greatness of man. A labour system can be right, in the sense of being in conformity with the very essence of the issue, and in exerens sense of being intrinsically true and also morally legitimate, if in its very basis it overcomes the opposition between labour and capital through an effort at being shaped in accordance with the principle put forward above: This unemployment of intellectuals occurs or increases when the education available is not oriented towards the types of employment or service required by the true needs of society, or when there is less demand for work which requires education, at least professional education, than for manual labour, or when it is less well paid.
The disproportionate distribution of wealth and poverty and the existence of some countries and continents that are developed and of others that are not call exerxens a levelling out and for a search for ways to encidlica just development for all. Understood in this case not as a capacity or aptitude for work, but rather as a whole set of instruments which man uses in his work, technology is undoubtedly man’s ally.
For instance the highly industrialized countries, and even more the businesses that direct on a large scale the means of industrial production the companies referred to as multinational or transnationalfix the highest possible prices for their products, while trying at the same time to fix the lowest possible prices for raw materials or semi-manufactured goods.
Pope John Paul II. When we read in eexercens first chapter of the Bible that man is to subdue the earth, we know that these words refer to all the resources contained in the visible world and placed at man’s disposal.
He affirmed the right of unions to strike —”This method is recognized by Catholic social teaching as legitimate in the proper conditions and within just limits” — but “the strike weapon” is an extreme means that should rarely be used. This leads immediately lsborem a very important conclusion of an ethical nature: The pope asserted the dignity of agricultural workers, and some particular difficulties and injustices they face.
Catalog Record: Sobre el trabajo humano (Laborem exercens) | Hathi Trust Digital Library
In the latter case, the difference consists in the way the right to ownership or property is understood. Above all it generally constitutes a loss for the country which is left behind. This state of affairs was favoured by the liberal socio-political system, which, in accordance with its “economistic” premises, strengthened and safeguarded economic initiative by the possessors of capital alone, but did not pay sufficient attention to the rights of the workers, on the grounds that human work is solely an instrument of production, and that capital is the basis, efficient factor and purpose of production.