The CRAFFT Screening Interview. Begin: “I’m going to ask you a few questions that I ask all my patients. Please be honest. I will keep your answers confidential.” . that you sniff or “huff”)? Put “0” if none. The CRAFFT Questionnaire (version ). Please answer all questions honestly; your answers will be kept confidential. The CRAFFT is a (updated version of a) behavioral health screening tool for use with children ages and is recommended by the American Academy of .
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These findings also suggest a need to increase the capacity of systems and communities to provide substance abuse treatment for adolescents. Substance abuse affects men and women of all races, ethnic groups, and ages—including adolescents.
They may also pose a risk to adolescents’ confidentiality, especially when parents are present in the waiting area. To be questionnaaire, they must be easy to administer, score, and remember. Although multiple substance use screening tools have been validated for use with adults, recent meta-analytic work identifies only a few screening processes that have substantial empirical support for use with adolescents Research has shown that CRAFFT has relatively high sensitivity and specificityinternal consistencyand test-retest reliability as a screener for alcohol and substance misuse.
Receiver operating characteristic curves are presented in Figure 2. Studies proposing new intervention strategies for those who screen positive are urgently needed.
Approximately one in four participants reported any non-marijuana illicit drug use Also unknown is the likely outcome of universal screening, ie, what proportion of adolescent patients have alcohol- and drug-related disorders.
Matern Child Health J. Guidelines for universal screening of adolescent patients for substance use have been available for some time. Journal of the American Medical Association. Young people of color were significantly less likely to screen positive on the CRAFFT compared to their white counterparts. Similar to the original validation study of the CRAFFT 14few sociodemographic differences arose among the youth who reported frequent substance use in our sample.
Create a personal account to register for email alerts with links to free full-text articles. Given the high prevalence of substance use among YLWH and its potential impact on medication adherence and linkage to care, HIV questionniare settings should systematically screen for and address questionanire use among youth in HIV care settings. Sign in to customize your interests Sign in to your personal account.
We instructed providers to invite all to year-old patients to participate, not only those who had used alcohol or other drugs. Gamarel1, 2 Kimberly M. A clinic provider can be reasonably reassured when CRAFFT is negative but should assess his or her patient further when the test is positive.
Questionnaires have certain limitations. The Children’s Hospital Boston Committee on Clinical Investigation institutional review board waived the requirement for parental cfafft in accordance with current guidelines for adolescent health research.
International Journal of Drug Policy. Our findings are consistent with previous literature on sociodemographic and structural factors associated with substance use 3031which provides preliminary support for the utility of the CRAFFT as a brief screening tool for YLWH.
CRAFFT Substance-related risks and problems Screening Questionnaire for Adolescents
Many widely used screening devices are either impractical for busy medical offices or developmentally inappropriate for adolescents. Finally, we used a series of chi-square analyses to examine whether there were differences in key sociodemographic characteristics i. This question is designed to screen for risk of alcohol-related car crashes.
This practice serves both inner-city and suburban youth from a wide range of social strata, racial groups, and ethnic backgrounds. Some providers may therefore choose to further assess those adolescents crzfft score is only 1.
Although this was the case, there were some differences that are worth noting. Alcohol and drug use screening is particularly important in HIV care settings where substance use is highly prevalent among patients Substance-related problems and disorders were highly prevalent in the clinic we studied, affecting more than 1 in 4 patients.
Mycocardial infraction among Danish HIV-infected individuals: A time of change: Validity of adolescent self-report of alcohol and other drug involvement.
CRAFFT Screening Test – Wikipedia
Some adolescents may answer this question affirmatively based on having ridden in a car with an intoxicated family member, rather than driving after drinking or riding crafft an intoxicated peer.
Participants were divided into 5 mutually exclusive diagnostic groups based on their pattern of alcohol and other drug use within the previous 12 months: Youth were told that the purpose questionnakre the survey was to help design programs for youth and young adults living with HIV to help them lead healthier and happier lives. It has been established as valid and reliable for identifying youth who need further assessment and therapeutic intervention  The CRAFFT was originally designed to screen adolescents at high risk of substance use disorders in primary medical care offices.
Participants were consecutively recruited in approximately half of the 12 clinic sessions conducted each week. Am J Obstet Gynecol. Sampling and Recruitment Research staff approached all youth meeting eligibility criteria during one of their regularly scheduled clinic visits to describe the study.
Of the 43 drug abuse diagnoses, 36 were related to cannabis, 5 to stimulants including caffeine pills, methylphenidate hydrochloride, and amphetaminesand 2 to both cannabis and stimulants.