Request PDF on ResearchGate | Carboranes and Metallacarboranes | IntroductionCarborane Structures and Skeletal Electron NumbersLocalized Bond . Most of the carborane derivatives of the icosahedral (C2B10) or small cage ( C2B4) systems are formed, by varying the groups on the cage carbons. This is. The general formula of carboranes is represented by C2BnHn + 2, in which n is an derivatives called metallacarboranes, some of which show catalytic activity.
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Although these carbons apart or nido-2,4- CR 2B4H6 species are thermodynamically more stable and are more symmetric than the carbons adjacent isomers, they are not as well studied. The great majority of the work has been conducted on derivatives of ortho carbodanesbut larger carboranes have also been investigated. Internet URLs are the best. Carboranes from the Reaction of Decaborane with Acetylenic Compounds”.
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Like many of the related boranesthese clusters are polyhedral and are similarly classified as closo- nido- arachno- hypho- etc. The most commonly encountered carborane cluster is icosahedral dicarbaborane C 2 B 10 H Closo-dicarbadodecaboranes can undergo a wide variety of organic chemistry reactions.
The icosahedral closo -carboranes are particularly stable. The historic perspective of the chemistry of carboranes and metallacarboranes with the latest findings in our metallacarbooranes involving boron nanomaterials will be presented in detail. Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed.
Not only has their chemistry been the most extensively studied of all carboranes, darboranes their discovery ushered in the rapid development of the field. For example, monocarbadodecaborane CB 11 H 13 is produced from decaborane and formaldehydefollowed by addition of borane dimethylsulfide . For an overview of carbaborane chemistry see “Chemistry of the Elements”, pp.
Carboranes And Metallacarboranes: Advances And New Perspectives |
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Carboranes are prepared by the addition of unsaturated carbon reagents to boron hydride clusters. Dicarbaboranes often exist as isomers that differ with respect to the relative location of the carbon centers. Their most significant structural feature is the covalent bonding of carbon simultaneously to five or six other atoms. Stoichiometric and structural similarities and differences arise from the fact that a carbon atom has just one more valence electron than a boron atom.
Chemistry — A Caarboranes Journal.
Carboranes are generally prepared by reaction of acetylene or acetylene derivatives with boron hydrides. The numbering of the atoms in carborane compounds begins with the apex atom of lowest coordination i. The first carboranes were produced in the s, but the results were not declassified and published until — Boraneany of a homologous series of inorganic compounds of boron and hydrogen or their derivatives.
Although their systematic International Carborznes of Pure and Applied Chemistry IUPAC name is closo -dicarbadodecaborane 12the three isomers are often simply called ortho – meta – and para -carborane. metallaccarboranes
A meeting was held with the editors of Inorganic Chemistry with the aim of arranging priorities. Home Publications Conferences Register Contact. The best-studied carborane is ortho -carborane, C 2 B 10 H 12made by reaction of acetylene with decaborane in the presence of diethyl sulfide. If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login.
Although widely distributed in nature, carbon is not particularly plentiful—it makes up only about 0. Views Metallacarboranew Edit View history.
Carborane – Wikipedia
Some complexes exhibit catalytic properties,  ion-exchange materials for radioactive waste management. These dilithiated compounds react with a variety of electrophiles, e. II 6 ,,, Nelson. This page was last edited on 28 Novemberat Geometrical isomers of carbaboranes may exist, necessitating the use of the numerical prefixes in a compound’s name. Consequently, whereas the boron hydride, B 5 H 9has abd nido – structure the corresponding carbaborane, 1,5-C 2 B 3 H 5 has a closo – trigonal bipyramidal structure.
At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. The three isomeric icosahedral closo -carboranes of formula C 2 B 10 H 12 are unusual both in their ease of preparation and their stability in air. Uses authors parameter Wikipedia articles with NDL identifiers. Deprotonation using organolithium reagents gives the dilithio derivatives. Ketallacarboranes most common carborane, the ortho -isomer, has been available in multikilogram quantities since the early s and is best prepared by the reaction of acetylene, C 2 H 2with decaborane 14 in the presence of a Lewis base such as diethyl sulfide, C 2 H 5 2 S.
A prominent example is the charge-neutral C 2 B 10 H 12 or ortho-carborane with the prefix o derived from ortho.
The Case of Carboranyllithium”. Most of the carborane derivatives of the icosahedral C2B10 or small cage C2B4 systems are formed, by varying the groups on the cage carbons. Di carbaboranes can be prepared from boron hydride clusters with an alkyne as the source of the two carbon centers.
Superacid Chemistry 2nd ed.