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Class: Eudicots. Order: Malpighiales. Family: Rhizophoraceae. Genus: Bruguiera . Species: B. cylindrica. Common Names: Bakau Putih. Status: Native, Common. Bakau putih. Bruguiera cylindrica. Family Rhizophoraceae Southeast Asia to Australia. Locally, in various sites. Tree up to 20 m tall with buttresses and kneed . Bruguiera cylindrica is an evergreen shrub or a tree that can grow up to 23 metres tall, though it is usually rather smaller. The bole can be up to 20 – 30cm in .

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Bruguiera cylindrica Linnaeus Blume [1].

Bakau putih (Bruguiera cylindrica) on the Shores of Singapore

Bruguiera cylindrica Scientific classification Kingdom: Flowers are greenish and grouped in threes. The crushed bark has an unusual odour which is repulsive to fish and this wood is not therefore used for fish traps.

Short buttresses and also knee roots.

World Register of Marine Species. The flowers are pollinated by insects and release a cloud of pollen when probed at the base by the insect’s mouthparts.

Mangrove and wetland wildlife at Sungei Buloh Nature Park. Want to share your sightings?

Sapling Flowers Fruiting branch Close up of sepals. Stipules pale yellow or greenish. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. The glossy green leaves are opposite, simple and elliptical with pointed ends. Sungei Buloh, Apr The flowers are in small bunches of in the axils of the leaves.

The roots lower part absorb water and become heavier and after a few weeks the propagules float vertically and are ready to root into the substrate. Calyx cup-shaped pale greenish or white with 8 stout, long lobes. Bruguiera cylindrica on the NParks Flora and Fauna website: Make your own badge here. Small flowers, several in a cluster on one stalk. Distribution in Singapore on this wildsingapore flickr map.


Human Uses The wood is used in construction, piles, telegraph poles, railway sleepers, fish stakes, tool handles, scaffolding, etc.

Unlike some other mangroves, it does not regenerate easily from broken off branches. It was formerly called B. Roots showing kneed pneumatophores loops protruding out of the sand Kneed roots of Bruguiera cylindrica Bruguiera parviflora branch left differs in being more delicate and flowers are smaller and more elongated than Bruguiera cylindrica.

The timber of Bruguiera cylindrica is dense, reddish and strong and is used in construction.

Bruguiera cylindrica

Native, Naturalised and Cultivated Species. Bryguiera it usually produces abundant propagules and a tree is often festooned with many of them, the tree itself grows slowly. The aerial roots or pneumatophores project from the soil in knee-shaped loops and have many lenticels which allow air into the interconnecting roots while excluding water.

When probed at the base, the petal unzips to scatter a cloud of pollen over the head of the visiting insect. The seed does not detach itself from the flower stalk but germinates brubuiera it is and is known as a propagule. According to Burkill, the bruguiiera are occasionally eaten after boiling, and according to Giersen eaten with sugar and coconut. Tree to about 20m, but those seen along our nature trails often bruguiiera short shrubs about 1m, to short trees to m.

Flowers per leaf angle, sepals light green and sticking out at cylinrica angles to the fruit; seed germinates in fruit, their hypocotyl up to 15 cm long, like a green or purplish cigarette and often slighly curved.


Leaves are simple, elliptic, x cm, opposite and a petiole that is often reddish. It is particularly common in the back mangroves.

Description This is a tree cyilndrica about 20 m high with short buttresses and kneed pneumatophores. If you wish to contribute any images, documents, videos or other forms of media, or if you have any queries….

This is a tree of about 20 m high with short buttresses and kneed pneumatophores. Email us at dbsthh nus. It is commonly used as fuel and in charcoal production. In traditional medicine, the skin of the fruit is used to stop bleeding and the leaves are used to lower blood pressure.

It may form pure stands. It has been described as characteristic of newly established substrates and able to withdstand prolonged submersion.

Read more about the Rhizophoraceae family. Tree up to 20 m tall with buttresses and kneed pneumatophores; bark grey, smooth; leaves opposite, blades light green, thin, elliptic; stipules pale yellow or greenish.

The Ecosystem and Plant Diversity and Volume 2: General Biology The plant grows in the inner mangroves, often forming pure stands. Locally, in various cylindriva. Probably the most common mangrove tree in Singapore. Sungei Buloh Besar, Apr There are a large number of marine invertebrates associated with mangolds including spongesascidiansmolluscsshrimps and crabs and also a number of fish and birds. According to Giersen, the timber is heavy and reddish.