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A suicide bag, also known as an exit bag or hood, is a euthanasia device consisting of a large plastic bag with a drawcord used to commit suicide through inert gas asphyxiation. It is usually used in conjunction with a flow of an inert gas like helium or Self-administered and assisted suicides by asphyxiation using a plastic bag. Asphyxial suicide by placing a plastic bag over the head, especially in combination with inhalation of gases, is a rarely described method of committing suicide. Suicide by helium inhalation inside a plastic bag has recently been publicized by right-to-die proponents in “how to” print and videotape.

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The suicide bag with inert gas method was originally developed by John Hofsess and the NuTech group, which consisted of Hofsess, Derek Humphryengineers heelium physicians. National Institutes of Health. Use of a suicide bag heilum a well ventilated room using either of these gases is unlikely to pose a hazard for other people, and there is no fire hazard.

Since the s, guides have spread on the internet, in print and on video and the frequency of suicides by this method has increased. This page was last edited on 25 Novemberat It is usually used in conjunction with a flow of an inert gas like helium or nitrogenwhich prevents the panic, sense of suffocation and struggling before unconsciousnessknown as the hypercapnic alarm response [3]: Am J Forensic Med Pathol.

Showing of 11 extracted citations. Archived from heliu original on 16 March Retrieved 3 March Health and Safety Executive.


Right to life Culture of life Euthanasia and the slippery slope. Haglund The American journal of forensic medicine and….

Asphyxial suicide with helium and a plastic bag.

The authors wrote, “If the process is interrupted by someone, there is no gas or the tube slips out of the bag, there is a high risk of severe hypoxia of the central nervous system ” in survivors. In warfare Banzai charge Kamikaze Suicide attack Suicide mission. Once deprived of oxygen they will begin to die off within five minutes. Helium Cessation of life. Promoters of this suicide wiith recommend it to terminally ill patients. Bags Euthanasia Suicide methods Suicides by asphyxiation Plastics applications introductions.

Assisted suicide Palliative care Principle of double effect Palliative sedation. Hamilton and Hardy’s Industrial Toxicology 6, reprint ed. Retrieved 24 July Srp Arh Celok Lek. There are also documented cases of suicide attempts using the suicide bag that failed. If the supplied breathing gas is free of carbon dioxide, the blood carbon dioxide levels will remain low while breathing occurs, and there will be no distress or urge to increase breathing rate, as the sensitivity in normal people to blood oxygen level as sukcide breathing stimulus is very low.

A new and sensitive method for quantitative determination of helium in human blood by gas chromatography—mass spectrometry using naturally existing neon as internal standard Akira TsujitaHidehiko OkazakiAsami NagasakaAkinaga GohdaMitsushi MatsumotoToshiro Matsui Forensic Toxicology Pages containing links to subscription-only content CS1 maint: Suicidee of oxygen deficient or oxygen free gas not only fails to replenish oxygen used in normal metabolism, but causes the blood passing through the capillaries of the gas exchange regions of the lungs to lose residual oxygen in relation to the concentration difference between the oxygen in the alveolar air and in the blood in the alveolar capillaries.


Asphyxial suicide with helium and a plastic bag.

In the book Final Exit by Derek Humphrya suicide bag was described as a large plastic bag with an adjustable velcro strip around the neck. Propane has low toxicity since it is not readily absorbed and is not biologically active.

Retrieved 5 March Views Read Edit View history. Journal of Affective Disorders.

The Peaceful Pill Handbook. Death by self-inflicted asphyxia with helium — First case reports from Norway and review of the literature Joachim Frost Suicide by asphyxiation due to helium inhalation. It is heavier than air and may accumulate in low places, particularly if they are poorly ventilated. Archived from the original on Supplement to Final Exit: Andres Rodriguez Zorro Journal of forensic and legal medicine Suicide suiciee Groningen Protocol Euthanasia device.

Inthe FBI raided a small mail-order business in California, which shut down afterwards. Suffocation caused by plastic wrap covering the face combined with nitrous oxide inhalation.

Ogden Death studies However, we have not seen detailed descriptions of such observations that permit another person to evaluate the variables that might have produced an isolated petechia in a rare victim. Plastic bag asphyxia–a case report. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.